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Understanding the parameters and severity of brain trauma

There is a wide array of events that are unexpected. Despite them being unforeseen, residents in Connecticut and other states experience these surprising and unfortunate event, with one of them being a serious accident. Suffering brain trauma in a catastrophic incident can change a person's life in an instant. This does not only alter his or her life immediately but in the long-term as well.

In just the United States, more than 50,000 people die each year because of a brain injury. Additionally, it is estimated that a brain injury occurs every seven seconds, resulting in roughly a million people being treated in the emergency department each year. As a result, around 5.3 million people in the U.S. are currently living with disabilities stemming from a head trauma.

Brain injuries can range in severity, causing a wide range in symptoms as well. With a minor head injury, a victim is likely to experience mild to no symptoms. On the other hand, those with severe brain injuries could suffer a major derangement of function. Most commonly, head trauma victims will experience a disturbance of consciousness, headaches, nausea and vomiting.

In order to diagnose a brain injury, which is often difficult to do immediately following a head trauma, medical professionals need to look at the victim's level of consciousness, function of the cranial nerves, motor functions, breathing rate and pattern, deep tendon reflexes, sensory functions and any external signs of trauma, such as fractures, deformity and bruising to the head and neck.

In order to predict the severity and the long-term care associated with the head injury, the Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used. By looking at three parameters, medical professionals can assess whether a victim suffered a mild, moderate or severe head injury. This will also dictate what the recovery process a patient will need and how likely they will be able to fully rehabilitate him or herself.

A brain injury is a serious injury that could impact a victim's life in almost every area. Therefore, if a negligent party caused the accident that resulted in the brain injury, it is important to understand what steps you could take to hold them liable. A personal injury claim helps with liability and the recovery of compensation.

Source: Brainline.org, "Brain Trauma, Concussion, and Coma," Peter M. Black et al., accessed May 28, 2017

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