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What are the two basic types of brain injuries?

Many Connecticut residents have seen a friend or close relative accidentally bump their head at one time or another. Their immediate reaction is usually to run over and make sure that they're okay. And while there are usually no long term effects from these minor bruises, they serve to remind us of the potential dangers of a brain injury. But are all brain injuries the same or is there more than one type?

There are two main types of brain injuries. The first is known as an acquired brain injury. This type of injury occurs after someone is born but it is not associated with a degenerative type of condition such as Alzheimer's disease. An acquired brain injury can be caused by many different factors including tumors, infections, strokes, toxic exposure to a hazardous substance or even substance abuse. It can cause different changes in people including changes to their behaviors and cognitive abilities. An acquired brain injury can be either temporary or permanent in nature.

The other main type of brain injury is known as a traumatic brain injury and is caused by a shock or blow to the head that affects the brain's ability to function properly. TBIs can be either mild or severe in nature and its effects can include the loss of consciousness and memory. There are many causes of TBI including car accidents, sports injuries, falls and physical assaults. And as with acquired brain injuries, TBIs can be temporary or permanent in nature. It's also important to remember that about three quarters of all TBIs are the result of a concussion.

Treating a brain injury may involve different kinds of medical experts including surgeons, nurses and therapists such as physical and speech therapists. However, any Connecticut resident who has suffered a brain injury due to an accident or a fall may want to speak to a personal injury attorney in order to find out if negligence was a factor in their injury.

Source: biact.org, "Brain injury basics", Accessed September 12, 2016

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