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How many types of severe traumatic brain injury are there?

According to recent government statistics, traumatic brain injuries are a contributing factor to nearly a third of all injury-related deaths in the nation. Besides the number of deaths, the economic costs of TBIs to the nation are nearly 77 billion dollars. This total includes both direct and indirect medical costs. Statistics also indicate that severe TBIs account for almost 90 percent of all TBI medical costs. But what distinguishes severe TBIs from other kinds and how many types of severe TBIs are there?

There are two kinds of severe TBIs and each of their names describes their characteristics. The first kind of severe TBI is called a closed TBI and this involves a brain injury that is due to the brain moving inside the skull. A closed TBI may be caused by a fall, a motor vehicle accident or being struck with an object. The other type of severe TBI is known as a penetrating TBI which is caused by an object piercing the skull such as a bullet or a steel rod.

Just like other TBIs, severe TBIs can interfere with many of the brain's normal functions. Many individuals who suffer non-fatal severe TBIs either lapse into a coma or suffer from amnesia. A severe TBI can also affect other areas of the brain including cognitive function (memory and attention), sensation (touch, hearing and vision), motor function (coordination and balance) as well as emotion (personality changes, depression and anxiety).

Recovering from a TBI can often require a great deal of rehabilitation. However, any Connecticut resident who suffered a TBI due to the negligence of another individual may want to speak with a personal injury attorney to investigate if there are legal avenues that should be explored.

Source: cdc.gov, "Injury prevention and control: traumatic brain injury," Accessed Jan. 23, 2016

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